Dielectric Resonator Antenna Mounted on Cylindrical Ground Plane for Handheld RFID Reader at 5.8 GHz

Main Article Content

H. A. E. Malhat
S. Zainud-deen
N. El-Shalaby
K. Awadalla

Abstract

Dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) mounted on cylindrical ground plane is investigated for handheld RFID reader applications at 5.8 GHz. The simplicity of the structure makes it practical in terms of cost, space, and ease of fabrication. The radiation characteristics of the antenna in free space and in the presence of a proposed compact reader device model and human hand are calculated. The antenna is circularly polarized and exhibits peak gain of 7.62 dB at 5.8 GHz with high front to back ratio of 15.5 dB. Using the same reader device model, a sequentially feeding 2×2 DRA array mounted on the same cylindrical ground plane is used for RFID reader antenna at 5.8 GHz. The array introduces high gain of 9.36 dB at 5.8 GHz with high front to back ratio of 10.48 dB. The 2×2 DRA array elements exhibit circular polarization over a frequency band of 1.1 GHz. The axial ratio is 1.1 dB at 5.8 GHz. The proposed reader model is simple and has a small size compared with that in the case of planar ground plane. The results are calculated using the finite element method (FEM) and compared with that calculated using the finite integral technique (FIT).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Malhat, H., Zainud-deen, S., El-Shalaby, N., & Awadalla, K. (2012). Dielectric Resonator Antenna Mounted on Cylindrical Ground Plane for Handheld RFID Reader at 5.8 GHz. Advanced Electromagnetics, 1(3), 71-78. https://doi.org/10.7716/aem.v1i3.111
Section
Research Articles
Author Biography

H. A. E. Malhat, Faculty of Electronic Engineering- Minoufiya university

Dept. of electronic and electric communication engineering

References


  1. K. Finkenzeller, RFID handbook: radio- frequency identification fundamentals and applications, 2nd Ed., Wiley & Sons, Inc., New Jersey, USA, 2004. 

  2. B. Manish and M. Shahram, RFID field guide: deploying radio frequency identification systems, Prentice Hall PTR, 2005. H. Bhatt, and B. Glover, RFID essentials, O'Reilly Media, Inc., Sebastopol, California, USA. 2006.

  3. S.H. Zainud-Deen, S.M. Gaber, Hend A. Malhat, and K. H. Awadalla," Multilayer dielectric resonator antenna transmitarray for near-field and far-field fixed RFID reader," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, PIER C, vol. 27, pp. 129-142, 2012.

  4. Z. Wu, and S. Lai, "Miniaturized microstrip array for the UHF-band RFID reader," Microwave and Opt. Techol. Letters, vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 1299-1301, July 2006.
    View Article

  5. Z. Sun, S. Zhhong, X. Tang, and K. Chen, "Low side-lobe circular polarized microstrip array for 2.45 GHz RFID readers," Microwave and Opt. Tech. Letters, vol. 50, no. 9, pp. 2235-2237, September 2008.
    View Article

  6. Pavel V. Nikitin and K. V. S. Rao, "Helical antenna for handheld UHF RFID reader," Proc. IEEE International Conference in RFID, Orlando, FL., pp. 169-173, 2010.

  7. B.Y. Feng, "A patch antenna for RFID reader," in Proc. International Conference on Microwave and Millimeter Wave Technology, (ICMMT 2008), vol. 3, pp. 1044-1046, 2008.

  8. S. Kaki, and T. Chakravarty, "Compact printed Yagi antenna for handheld UHF-RFID reader," in Proc. Int. Conference on Devices and Communications (ICDeCom) Symp., pp. 1-3, 2011.

  9. K. M. Luk, and K. W. Leung, Dielectric resonator antenna, Hertfordshire, Research Studies Press, U.K, 2003.

  10. R. Chair, A.A. Kishk, and K.F. Lee, "Comparative study on the mutual coupling between different sized cylindrical dielectric resonator antennas and circular microstrip patch antennas, " IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 1011-1018, March 2005.
    View Article

  11. A. Petosa, Dielectric resonator antenna handbook, Artech House Inc., Norwood, 2007.

  12. S. H. Zainud-Deen, Hend A. Malhat, and K. H. Awadalla, "Circular polarized dielectric resonator antenna for portable RFID reader using a single feed," International Journal of Radio Frequency Identification & Wireless Sensor Networks, vol. 1, no.1, 2011.

  13. S. H. Zainud-Deen, Hend A. Malhat, and K. H. Awadalla, "Dielectric resonator antenna mounted on a circular cylindrical ground plane," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, PIER B, vol. 19, pp. 427- 444, 2010.

  14. S. H. Zainud-Deen, Noha A. El-Shalaby, and K. H. Awadalla," Radiation characteristics of cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna mounted on superquadric cylindrical Body," Electrical and Electronic Engineering Journal, SAP, vol. 2, No. 3, pp.88-95, 2012.

  15. 27th Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society (ACES) Conference, Williamsburg, Virginia, USA, March 2011.

  16. S. H. Zainud-Deen, Noha A. El-Shalaby, and K. H. Awadalla," Hemispherical DRA antennas mounted on or embedded in circular cylindrical surface for producing omnidirectional radiation pattern". International Journal of Communication, Network and System Sciences, vol.4, no.9, pp. 601-608, September 2011.
    View Article

  17. D. V. Hutton, Fundamentals of finite element analysis, McGraw- Hills Companies, USA, 2004.

  18. S. J. Cooke, R. Shtokhamer, A.A. Mondelli, and B. Levush," A finite integration method for conformal, structured-grid, electromagnetic simulation," Journal of Computational Physics, vol. 215, pp. 321–347, 2006.
    View Article

  19. A. A. Kishk, "Performance of planar four element array of single-fed circularly polarized dielectric resonator antenna," Microwave and Optical Technology Lett., vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 381-384, Sep. 2003.
    View Article

  20. CST MICROWAVE STUDIO®, help, http://www.cst.com.

  21. S. H. Zainud-Deen, Hend A. Malhat, and K. H. Awadalla, "Circular polarized dielectric resonator antenna for portable RFID reader using a single feed," International Journal of Radio Frequency Identification & Wireless Sensor Networks, vol. 1, no.1, 2011.

  22. M. Haneishi, and h. Takazawa, "Broadband circularly polarized planar array composed of a pair of dielectric resonator antennas," Electronic Lett., vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 437-438, May 1985.
    View Article