Effect of Substrate Scaling on Microstrip Patch Antenna Performance

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A. Esmaeilkhah
C. Ghobadi
J. Nourinia
M. Majidzadeh


The Maxwell field equations (MFEs), as ecumenical model of electromagnetic phenomena, are scale-invariant under Lorentz Transformation (LT). To apply LT, some considerations are required which are not all practically available or technologically attainable; hence, the scale-invariant feature may not be reached effectively. Paving the way to focus on this issue, the effect of substrate thickness scaling as an uncontrollable parameter, is explored on eight identical patch antennas with different substrate thicknesses. In this way, the resonant frequency and complex value of return loss are measured. The effect of manufacturing tolerances of dielectric thickness on resonant frequency deviation and return loss magnitude are carefully studied, too. Also the unwanted distortive effect of selected electrical connection, say as a female SMA connector, is investigated at higher frequencies. The obtained results are comparatively analyzed which confirm the practical bottlenecks in meeting the antenna parameters scaling.


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Esmaeilkhah, A., Ghobadi, C., Nourinia, J., & Majidzadeh, M. (2018). Effect of Substrate Scaling on Microstrip Patch Antenna Performance. Advanced Electromagnetics, 7(5), 82–86. https://doi.org/10.7716/aem.v7i5.840
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