A Prototype Model Design of Wide Band Standard Reference Rod-Dipole antenna for 3-Axis EMC Measurement with hybrid Balun for 0.9 to 3.2GHz

Main Article Content

S. Patil
P. Petkov
B. Bonev


Every electronics equipment must deal with EMC test. The testing laboratory of electronics equipment for radiation emission must have accurate calibrated antennas. The field strength of total radiated radio frequency is average of all incident signals at given point, this incident spinals originates from various directions. In order to measure three components of all electric field vectors, a tripole antenna is most beneficial over conventional antenna because of it responds to signal coming from multi directions. This paper presents novel three axis wide band calculable rod-dipole antenna with hybrid balun for the range of 900MHz to 3.2GHz frequencies, the proposed antenna is small in size and good electrical characteristics, the Important parameters measured and verified with designed values. Return loss S11 more than -10dB within the frequency range 900MHz to 3.2GHz. The result of this articles are evident that, efficient construction of antenna with low cost, light weight module applicable for EMC pre-compliance test at open field site.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Patil, S., Petkov, P., & Bonev, B. (2018). A Prototype Model Design of Wide Band Standard Reference Rod-Dipole antenna for 3-Axis EMC Measurement with hybrid Balun for 0.9 to 3.2GHz. Advanced Electromagnetics, 7(1), 73–78. https://doi.org/10.7716/aem.v7i1.603
Research Articles


Sarang M. Patil, Peter Z Petkov and Boncho G Bonev, "A review on recent antenna designing techniques For electromagnetic compatibility(EMC) test, "International Scientific Conference on Engineering, Technologies and Systems TECHSYS 2017, Technical University – Sofia, Plovdiv branch, May 2017, pp-II-71-7II6. Available : http://techsys.tuplovdiv.bg/TECHSYS_2017_Proceedings.pdf

Junzhi Yu, "Novel high gain dual-band dipole antenna," 2013 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference Proceedings (APMC), Seoul, South Korea, 2013, pp. 1046-1048.

View Article

CISPR 16-1-2:2014 RLV, "Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods – Part 1-2: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus – Coupling devices for conducted disturbance measurements," March 2014, Edition 2.0.

ANSI C63.4-1991,"American national standard method of measurement of radio –noise emission from low voltage electrical and electronic equipment in the range of 9Khz-1GHz," 1991.

K.C.Kim and S Tokumaru, "Antenna factor of half wavelength dipole antenna with Roberts balun," IEICE Trans Commun, vol. J78-B-II,no11.PP717-724, 1995.

K. C. Kim," EMI dipole antenna with forced resonance by reactance loading for frequency below 80MHz," IEICETrans,commun,vol.E85-B,no11,pp2489-2494, 2002.

Alireza kazemipour," Calculable dipole antenna for EMC measurements with low-loss wideband balun from 30MHz to 2GHz," Journal of electromagnetic, vol.25, issue3, 2005.

M J salter and M J Alexander, "EMC antenna calibration and design of an open-field site, " Measurement Science and Technology,Vol-2, Number 6, June 1991.

Saou-Wen Su and Fa-Shian Chang, "Wideband Rod-Dipole Antenna with a Modified Feed," 2010 Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium (APSURSI), PP-1-4, 2010.

Ki-Chai Kim, Sang-Myeong Kim, Jae-Yong Kwon, Tae-Weon Kang, and Jeong-Hwan Kim, "The Design of Calculable Standard Dipole Antennas in the Frequency Range of 1~3 GHz, "Journal of the Korean Institute of electromagnetic engineering and science, vol. 12, no. 1, pp 63-69, Mar. 2012.

Ki-Chai Kim, Sang-Myeong Kim, Jae-Yong Kwon, "broadband calculable dipole reference antenna in the range 1GHz to 3GHz frequency range, "IEICE electronics express, vol.12, no.17, Page 1-8, 2015.

Phillip h. Howerton and T. E. Batchman," Design of a Three-Axis Microwave E-Field Probe Having Sub millimetre Dimensions," IEEE transactions on instrumentation and measurement, vol.IM-36, no.2, June 1987.

Sang Il Kwak, B. C. Kim, H. D. Choi, and Young Joong Yoon," Design of the Electric field Probe in the Personal Exposure Meter," PIERS Proceedings, Stockholm, Sweden, Aug. 12-15, 2013.

Allen, J. Wayde," A 3-Axis Antenna Array for Polarimetric Spectrum Surveys," IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility - EMC 2012 - Pittsburgh, PA, USA, 2012.

B. Elnour, D. Erricolo," A novel co-located cross-polarized two-loop PCB antenna in the ISM 2.4 GHz band", IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters ( Volume: 9 ), Page(s): 1237 – 1240, 2010.

Fredrik Rogberg," Three orthogonal polarized antennas," Available : www.divaortal.se/smash/get/diva2:652843/fulltext01.pdf

W. D. Apela, J. C. Arteaga et el, "LOPES-3D, an antenna array for full signal detection of air-shower radio emission, "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A, Volume 696, Pages 100-109, 22 December 2012.

View Article