Electromagnetic Wave Absorption Properties of Novel Green Composites Coconut Fiber Coir and Charcoal Powder over X-band Frequency for Electromagnetic Wave Absorbing Applications
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This paper presents the electromagnetic wave (EW) absorption properties in terms of complex permittivity and permeability of novel green composites coconut fiber coir and charcoal powder materials. The samples were fabricated using the raw agricultural waste coconut fiber coir, charcoal powder, epoxy resin and hardener with varied composition. The dielectric properties of the materials were characterized using two-port waveguide measurement method over the X-band frequency (8.2 – 12.4GHz). The average permittivity value measured is approximately 3.00 with 10wt% charcoal has the highest permittivity of 3.59. Apart from that, all samples exhibit good reflection loss of better than -25dB which means more than 99% absorption rate. The result shows the composite material is a promising organic material for electromagnetic absorber applications.
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