Plasmonic coupling in Au, Ag and Al nanosphere homo-dimers for sensing and SERS

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J. Katyal

Abstract

The localized surface plasmon resonance of homo-dimer nanostructures is studied using FDTD simulations. The calculated LSPR wavelength of Au, Ag and Al nanosphere forming a homo-dimer configuration is compared and the results reveal a larger LSPR shift in Ag and Al homo-dimer than in Au homo-dimer. Taking the sensitivity of LSPR shape to the size and interparticle spacing of nanoparticle along with a surrounding refractive index, parameters like refractive index sensitivity have been determined. The spherical homo-dimer over the whole range of particle size, studied here shows the index sensitivity order as Ag>Al>Au. Hence, the use of plasmonic material towards the refractive index sensing applications is useful in this order.  The average refractive index sensitivities of Ag, Al and Au are 287.09 nm/RIU, 210.21 nm/RIU and 192.47 nm/RIU in DUV-Visible-NIR region. Apart from LSPR shift, the highly confined near-field intensity enhancement of homo-dimer nanostructures for SERS has also been studied. The interacting homo-dimer nanoparticles reveals intensity enhancements in the junction. Comparing the field enhancement for Au, Ag and Al homo-dimer nanostructure 10^8-10^9  have been theoretically predicted in DUV-UV-visible region which can be used to strongly enhance the Raman scattering of molecules.

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How to Cite
Katyal, J. (2018, March 14). Plasmonic coupling in Au, Ag and Al nanosphere homo-dimers for sensing and SERS. Advanced Electromagnetics, 7(2), 83-90. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.7716/aem.v7i2.563
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