Design and Fabrication of Tri-Stopband Bandstop Filters Using Cascaded and Multi-Armed Methods
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In this paper, we proposed a compact C-open-loop ring resonator and its equivalent circuit. The second cascaded BSF are designed using this simple C-ring resonator. The double ring BPF consists of two cascaded C-ring resonators, which are placed on the RO4003 substrate, while the other triple BSF structure consists of tree cascaded C-ring resonators, which are connected with input and output through microstrip feed lines. The both filters are simulated, optimized and partially realized using MWR simulator and Anritsu E5072A vector network analyzer VNA. In order to reduce the size and to improve the filter characteristics, novel compact filter topologies are designed basing on the previous structures. The proposed multi-band bandstop filters consist of several open-loop ring resonators placed vertically overlapping (coupled multi-armed ring resonator). Using this idea, the filter topologies with design flexibility, close size and excellent results are reached. The novel compact multi-band bandstop filters produce several stopband along a frequency range from DC to 9 GHz, in which each separate band exhibits an acceptable and useful bandwidth. Each stopband has regenerated two reflexion zeros, what leads to a good sharpness factors in the transition domains. Good agreement between the experimental results, full-wave simulation has been achieved. This new filter idea can be very attractive for the nowadays multilayer and compact radio frequency integrated circuit design.
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