Main Article Content
The present work was to use photovoltaic solar cells in patch antenna structures. The radiating patch element of a patch antenna was replaced by a solar cell. Direct Current (DC) generation remained the original feature of the solar cell, but additionally it was now able to receive and transmit electromagnetic waves. Here, we used a new patch antenna structure based on a photovoltaic solar cell. It was then used to collect photo-generated current as well as Radio Frequency (RF) transmission. A mathematical model which would serve the minimization of power losses of the cell and therefore the improvement in the conversion efficiency was studied. A simulation allowed analysing the performance of the antenna, with a silicon material, and testing its parameters such as the reflection coefficient (S11), gain, directivity and radiated power. The performance analysis of the solar cell patch antenna was conducted using Advanced Design System (ADS) software. Simulation results for this antenna showed a dual resonance frequency of 5.77 GHz and of 6.18 GHz with an effective return loss of -38.22dB and a gain of 1.59dBi.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Okan Yurduseven, David Smith, Nicola Pearsall, Ian Forbes, "A solar cell stacked slot-loases suspended microstrip patch antenna with multiband resonance characteristics for WLAN and WIMAX SYSTEMS", Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 142, 321– 332, 2013.
Shynu, S. V., M. J. R. Ons, P. McEvoy, M. J. Ammann, S. J. McCormack, and B. Norton, "Integration of microstrip patch antenna with polycrystalline silicon solar cell," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag, Vol. 57, No. 12, 3969–3972, Dec. 2009.
Turpin, T. W. and R. Baktur, "Meshed patch antennas integrated on solar cells," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett, Vol. 8, 693– 696, 2009.
A. Suresh Kumar, S. Sundaravadivelu, ''Performance analysis of solar cell antenna with hybrid mesh and aght-8 material," Scholarly Journal of Scientific Research and Essay (SJSRE) Vol. 3(4), pp.51-55 May 2014.
Danesh, M. and J. R. Long, "An autonomous wireless sensor node incorporating a solar cell antenna for energy harvesting," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech, Vol. 59, No. 12, 3546–3555, Nov. 2011.
Ons, M.J.R.; Shynu, S.V.; Ammann, M.J.; McCormack, S.; Norton, B. "Investigation on Proximity-Coupled Microstrip Integrated PV Antenna", IEEE Antennas and Propagation, 2007. EuCAP 2007, pp. 1 – 3.
Bendel C., Henze N. and Kirchhof J. "Die photovoltaischePlanarantenne – High-Tec durch multifunktionale Nutzung der physikalischen Eigenschaften von Solarzellen," 16. Symposium photovoltaische Solarenergie, Staffelstein 2001, pp.37- 42.
Bendel C., Henze N. and Kirchhof J.: "Solar Planar Antenna – SOLPLANT," 17th European Photovoltaic Energy Conference, Munich 22-26 Oct. 2001.
C. Boulord, «Développement de techniques de métallisation innovantes pour cellules photovoltaïques àhaut rendement », Thèse de Doctorat, INSA de Lyon, 2011.
Y. G. Rabobason, G. P. Rigas, S. Swaisaenyakorn, B. Mirkhaydarov, B. Ravelo, M. Shkunov, P. R. Young and N. Benjelloun, "Design of flexible passive antenna array on Kapton substrate", Progress In Electromagnetics Research (PIER) C, Vol. 63, 2016, pp. 105-117.
Y. G. Rabobason, G. P. Rigas, S. Swaisaenyakorn, B. Mirkhaydarov, B. Ravelo, M. Shkunov, P. R. Young and N. Benjelloun, "Design and synthesis of flexible switching 1x2 antenna array on Kapton substrate", Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. (EPJAP), Vol. 74, No. 3 (30102), June 2016, pp. 1-10.
T. Bendib, F. Djeffal, "Electrical Performance Optimization of Nanoscale Double-Gate MOSFETs Using Multi-objective Genetic Algorithms," IEEE 49 Trans on Electron Devices, Vol. 58, pp. 3743 –3750, 2011.
F. Djeffal, N. Lakhdar, A. Yousfi, "An optimized design of 10-nmscale dual-material surrounded gate MOSFETs for digital circuit applications," Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, Vol. 44, pp. 339-344, 2011.
A. Cheknane, B. Benyoucef, J.P. Charles and R. Zerdoum, "Optimisation et Conception d'une Grille Collectrice Appliquée aux Photopiles Fonctionnant sous Haute Concentration Solaire," Rev. Energ. Ren. Vol. 7 (2004) 95-108.
A. Cheknane, B. Benyoucef, J.-P. Charlesb, R. Zerdoumc, M. Trarid, "Minimization of the effect of the collecting grid in solar cell based silicon," Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 87 (2005) 557–565.
P. Morvillo, E. Bobeico, F. Formisano, F. Roca, "Influence of metal grid patterns on the performance of silicon solar cells at different illumination levels,"Materials Science and Engineering B 159–160 (2009) 318–321.
M.A. Green, Solar Cells: Operating Principles Technology and System Applications, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 1995.
A. Morales-Acevedo, "Optimum concentration factor for silicon solar cells," Solar Cells 14 (1985) 43–49.
L. Wen, L. Yueqiang, C. Jianjun, C. Yanling, W. Xiaodong, Y. Fuhua, "Optimization of grid design for solar cells," Journal of Semiconductors 31 (2010) 014006.1–014006.6.
C. Baccouch, D. Bouchouicha, H. Sakli and T. Aguili, "Optimization of the Collecting Grid Front Side of a Photovoltaic Cell Dedicated to the RF Transmission", 2nd International Conference on Automation, Control, Engineering and Computer Science ACECS, 22- 24 March 2015 – Sousse, Tunisia.