Design and Analysis of Novel Fractal Linear and Planar Array Antennas for Satellite Applications

Main Article Content

V. A. Sankar
P. V. Y. Jayasree

Abstract

This article proposed a new geometric design methodology for the systematic expansion of fractal linear and planar array antennas. Using this proposed geometric design methodology any deterministic polygon shape can be constructed. In this article, two element fractal linear and triangular array antennas are examined using proposed methodology up to four iterations of two expansion factors. Due to the repetitive nature of the proposed geometric design methodology, both linear and planar fractal arrays shows multi-beam behavior with excellent array factor properties. The behavior of the proposed arrays shows better performance than linear and planar fractal array antennas generated by concentric circular ring sub array geometric generator. Triangular planar fractal array of expansion factor two at fourth iteration achieved a single valued beam width of 3.80 with -31.6 side lobe level. The suggested fractal arrays are analyzed and simulated by MATLAB-13 programming.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sankar, V. A., & Jayasree, P. V. Y. (2016). Design and Analysis of Novel Fractal Linear and Planar Array Antennas for Satellite Applications. Advanced Electromagnetics, 5(3), 56-62. https://doi.org/10.7716/aem.v5i3.400
Section
Research Articles

References


  1. C.A.Balanis, Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design, 2nd ed., New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 1997.

  2. Robert J. Mailloux, Phased Array Antenna Handbook, 2nd ed., Massachusetts, USA: Artech House, 2005.

  3. R. C. Hansen, Phased Array Antennas, 2nd ed., New Jersey, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2009.

  4. John. D. Kraus and Ronald. J. Marhefka, Antennas: For All Application, 3rd ed., New York, USA: McGraw-Hill, 1997.
    View Article

  5. Douglas H. Werner and Suman Ganguly, An overview of fractal antenna engineering research, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. Mag., 45 (2003), 38-57.
    View Article

  6. Steven. R. Best, Small and Fractal Antennas, in Modern Antenna Handbook, New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2008.

  7. D. H. Werner and R.Mittra, Frontiers in Electromagnetics, USA:IEEE Press, 2000.

  8. C. Puente Baliarda and R. Pous, Fractal design of multiband and low side-lobe arrays, IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propag. MAG., 44 (1996), 730-739.
    View Article

  9. Douglas H. Werner et al, Fractal antenna engineering: the theory and design of antenna arrays, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. Mag.,41(1999),37-59.
    View Article

  10. V.A.Sankar Ponnapalli and P.V.Y.Jayasree, Heptagonal fractal antenna array for wireless communications, Microelectronics, Electromagnetics and Telecommunications -LNEE Series, 372 (2016), 387-394.
    View Article

  11. Waroth Kuhirun, A new design methodology for modular broadband arrays based on fractal tilings, Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Electrical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, USA, 2003.

  12. V.A.Sankar Ponnapalli and P.V.Y.Jayasree, Novel design methodology for the generation of deterministic fractal antenna arrays, IEEE International Microwave and RF Conference (IMaRC), 2015, 337-339.
    View Article

  13. V. A. Sankar Ponnapalli and P. V. Y. Jayasree, Design of multi-beam rhombus fractal array antenna using new geometric design methodology, Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, 64(2016), 151-158.
    View Article

  14. Y. Kim and D.L. Jaggard, The fractal random array, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. Mag., 74 (1986), 1278–1280.
    View Article

  15. V. Srinivasa Rao and V.A. Sankar Ponnapalli, Study and analysis of fractal linear antenna arrays, IOSR-JECE, 5 (2013), 23–27.
    View Article

  16. Rowdra Ghatak, Anirban Karmakar and Dipak R. Poddar, Evolutionary optimization of haferman carpet fractal patterned antenna array, International J. of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering, 25 (2015), 719-729.
    View Article

  17. Katherine Siakavara, Hybrid fractal direct radiating antenna arrays with small number of elements for satellite communications, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag.Mag.,58(2010),2102-2106.
    View Article

  18. Ahmed Najah Jabbar, New Elements concentrated planar fractal antenna arrays for celestial surveillance and wireless communications, ETRI J., 33 (2011), 849-856.
    View Article

  19. D. L. Jaggard and A. D. Jaggard, Cantor ring arrays, IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation Digest, 2(1998), 866-869.
    View Article

  20. D. H. Werner, Waroth.Kuhirun and P.L. Werner, Fractile arrays: A new class of tiled arrays with fractal boundaries, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. Mag., 52 (2004), 2008-2018.
    View Article

  21. J. Anguera, G. Montesinos, C. Puente, C. Borja, and J. Soler, "An Under-Sampled High Directivity Microstrip Patch Array with a Reduced Number of Radiating elements Inspired on the Sierpinski Fractal", Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 37 (2003), 100-103.
    View Article