Main Article Content
In this paper, the authors present an ultra-wideband (UWB) planar antenna with defected ground structure (DGS) for various wireless applications. The operating frequency of the proposed geometry is in the range of 3.1 to 10.6 GHz. The proposed compact geometry antenna is applicable for the UWB applications. In order to optimize the dimensions of the antenna, a parametric analysis has been performed. The measured S11 magnitude is less than -10 dB over the band, and it has an impedance bandwidth of 10.60 GHz. The designed UWB antenna gives maximum radiation efficiency and gain of 96.5% and 3.30 dBi, respectively. Also, it gives good time-domain characteristics over the entire resonating band. The designed UWB antenna is simple geometry, and it is applicable for numerous wireless applications.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
S. H. Hwang, J. I. Moon, W. I. Kwak, and S. O. Park, ''Printed compact dual band antenna for 2.4 and 5 GHz ISM band applications," Electronics Letters, vol. 40, no. 25, pp. 1568- 1569, 2004.
Y. C. Lin, and K. J. Hung, ''Design of dual-band slot antenna with double T-match stubs," Electronics Letters, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 438- 439, 2006.
W. C. Liu, and H. J. Liu, ''Compact triple-band slotted monopole antenna with asymmetrical CPW grounds," Electronics Letters, vol. 42, no. 15, pp. 840- 842, 2006.
D. G. Patanvariya, and A. Chatterjee, ''High gain and low cross-polarized printed array of Baravelle's spiral antennas for ku-band application," AEU-International Journal of Electronics and Communications, vol. 132, p.153634, 2021.
A. P. Zhao, and J. Rahola, ''Quarter-wavelength wideband slot antenna for 3-5 GHz mobile applications," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 4, pp. 421- 424, 2005.
N. Behdad, and K. Sarabandi, ''Bandwidth enhancement and further size reduction of a class of miniaturized slot antennas," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 52, no. 8, pp. 1928- 1935, 2004.
J. Y. Li, and Y. B. Gan, ''Multi-band characteristic of open sleeve antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, vol. 58, pp. 135- 148, 2006.
Y. Song, Y. C. Jiao, G. Zhao, and F. S. Zhang, ''Multiband CPW-fed triangle-shaped monopole antenna for wireless applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, vol. 70, pp. 329- 336, 2007.
J. Y. Sze, C. I. G. Hsu, and S. C. Hsu, ''Design of a compact dual-band annular-ring slot antenna," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 6, pp. 423- 426, 2007.
I. Barraj, H. Trabelsi, G. Bouzid, and M. Masmoudi, ''Modeling, Design and Simulation of Low Complexity IR-UWB Transceiver for Medical Monitoring Applications," International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 331- 340, 2014.
C. C. Lin, P. Jin, and R. W. Ziolkowski, ''Single, dual and tri-band-notched ultrawideband (UWB) antennas using capacitively loaded loop (CLL) resonators," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 102- 109, 2011.
J. A. Zubairi, Application of High Modern Performance Networks, Bentham eBooks, pp. 99- 101, 2009.
G. Manzi, M. Feliziani, P. A. Beeckman, and N. van Dijk, ''Coexistence between ultra-wideband radio and narrow-band wireless LAN communication systems-part II: EMI evaluation," IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 382- 390, 2009.
A. B. Lavanya, ''Effects of electromagnetic radiation on biological systems: A short review of case studies," 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Interference and Compatibility, pp. 87- 90, 2003.
Y. P. Shkolnikov, and W. H. Bailey, ''Electromagnetic interference and exposure from household wireless networks," IEEE Symposium on Product Compliance Engineering Proceedings, pp. 1- 5, 2011.
Q. D. Ho, T. N. Tran, and T. Le-Ngoc, ''Electromagnetic-interference-aware adaptive routing for wireless communication networks deployed in heath care institutions," 24th Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE), pp. 787- 790, 2011.
C. K. Tang, K. H. Chan, L. C. Fung, and S. W. Leung, ''Electromagnetic interference immunity testing of medical equipment to second-and third-generation mobile phones," IEEE Transactions on electromagnetic compatibility, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 659- 664, 2009.
S. Loyka, ''Electromagnetic interference in wireless communications: behavioral-level simulation approach," IEEE 60th Vehicular Technology Conference VTC2004-Fall, no. 6, pp. 3945- 3949, 2004.
D. H. Lee, H. Y. Yang, and Y. K. Cho, ''Design and analysis of tapered slot antenna with 3.5/5.5 GHz band-notched characteristics," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, vol. 56, pp. 347- 363, 2013.
X. Q. Qi, H. C. Yang, D. Liu, and Y. Li, ''Dual and tri-band-notched ultra-wideband (UWB) antennas using compact composite resonators," Progress in Electromagnetics Research Letters, vol. 42, pp. 177- 185, 2013.
F. Xu, Z. X. Wang, X. Chen, and X. A. Wang, ''Dual band-notched UWB antenna based on spiral electromagnetic-bandgap structure," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, vol. 39, pp. 393- 409, 2012.
T. G. Ma, and S. J. Wu, ''Ultra wideband band-notched folded strip monopole antenna," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 55, no. 9, pp. 2473-2479, 2007.
D. G. Patanvariya, and A. Chatterjee, ''A Compact Bow-tie Shaped Wide-band Microstrip Patch Antenna for Future 5G Communication Networks," Radioengineering, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 40-47, 2021.