Main Article Content
In this paper, a half mode substrate integrated waveguide (HMSIW) bandpass filter using defected ground structure cells (DGS) is proposed. By using the periodic square CSRR resonant properties of DGS according to design requirement, an X-band band-pass filter is designed and analyzed to meet compact size, low insertion loss, and high rejection. The simulation results obtained by CST in X-band show that the proposed filter is characterized by a large transmitted bandwidth of about 1.38 GHz from 13.03 to 14.41 GHz. The higher simulated insertion loss is about −2.6 dB and the lower return loss is about −34 dB. The proposed filter size is 9.50 × 38.00 mm2 which make it a compact component. The structure is optimized using CST simulator. For the proposal validation, the simulation results is compared by HFSS. The simulation results are in good agreement for the two simulator.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
D. Deslandes and K. Wu, "Single-substrate integration technique of planar circuits and waveguide filters," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 593-596, 2003.
X.-P. Chen and K. Wu, "Substrate integrated waveguide filters:design techniques and structure innovations," IEEE Microwave Magazine, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 121-133, 2014.
P. Li, H. Chu, and R. S. Chen, "SIW magic-T with bandpass response," Electronics Letters, vol. 51, no. 14, pp. 1078-1080, 2015.
M. Esmaeili and J. Bornemann, "Substrate integrated waveguide dual- stopband filter," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 56, no. 7, pp. 1561-1563, 2014.
N. Cherif, M. Abri, F. Benzerga, H. Badaoui, and J. Tao, " A Compact Wideband DGS Bandpass Filter Based on Half Mode Substrate Integrated Waveguide Technology," International Journal of Microwave and Optical Technology, Vol.16, No.2, pp.142-147, (2021).
B. Liu, W. Hong, Y.-Q. Wang, Q.-H. Lai, and K. Wu, " Half mode substrate integrated waveguide (HMSIW) 3-dB coupler," IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 22-24, 2007.
Zhe Chen, Wei Hong, Jixin Chen, Linsheng Li, " Design of A Push-Push and Push-Pull Oscillator Based on SIW/SICL Technique" IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, Vol.24, Iss. 6, pp.397 - 399, June 2014.
B. Fellah, M. Abri and H. Badaoui," Optimized Bends, Corporate 1 × 4 and 1 × 8 SIW Power Dividers Junctions Analysis for V-Band Applications Using a Rigorous Finite Element Method, "Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, Vol. 41, No. 9, pp. 3335-3343, Sept. 2015.
M. K. Khandelwal , B. K. Kanaujia, and S. Kumar, " Defected Ground Structure: Fundamentals, Analysis, and Applications in Modern Wireless Trends" hindawi International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 2017, pp.1-22, Feb 2017.
W. Hong, B. Liu, Y. Wang et al., " Half mode substrate integrated waveguide: a new guided wave structure for microwave and millimeter wave application," in Proceedings of the 31st International Conference on Infrared and Millimeter Waves and 14th International Conference on Terahertz Electronics, p. 219, Shanghai, China, September 2006.
B. Liu, W. Hong, Y.-Q. Wang, Q.-H. Lai, and K. Wu, "Half mode substrate integrated waveguide (HMSIW) 3-dB coupler," IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 22-24, 2007.
Y. Wang, W. Hong, Y. Dong et al., "Half mode substrate integrated waveguide (HMSIW) bandpass filter," IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, vol. 17,no. 4, pp.265-267,2007.
J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Mart'ın et al., " Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary splitring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 1451-1460, 2005.
J. Esteban, C. Camacho-Pe˜nalosa, J. E. Page, T. M. Martin-Guerrero, and E. Marquez-Segura, " Simulation of negative permittivity and negative permeability by means of evanescent waveguide modes-theory and experiment," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 1506- 1513, 2005.
Y. H. Song, G.-M.Yang and W.Geyi, " Compact UW bandpass filter with dual notched bands using defected ground structures," IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 230-232, 2014.
S. Biswas, D. Guha, and C. Kumar, " Control of higher harmonics and their radiations in microstrip antennas using compact defected ground structures," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 3349-3353, 2013.
D. Suhas, C. R. Lakshmi, Z. S. Rao, and D. Kannadassan, " A systematic implementation of elliptic low-pass filters using defected ground structures," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, vol. 29, no. 15, pp. 2014-2026, 2015.
Y. L. Zhang, W. Hong, K. Wu, J. X. Chen, and H. J. Tang," Novel substrate integrated waveguide cavity filter with defected ground structure," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 1280-1286, 2005.
Ahmed Noura, Mohamed Benaissa, Mehadji Abri, Hadjira Badaoui TanHoa Vuong, Junwu Tao, "Miniaturized halfmode SIW bandpass filter design integrating dumbbell DGS cells," microwave and optical technology letters Vol. 61, Iss.6, pp. 1473-1477, June 2019.
Mohamed Amine Rabah, Mehadji Abri, Hadjira Abri Badaoui, Junwu Tao, and Tan-Hoa Vuong, " Compact Miniaturized Half-Mode Waveguide/High Pass-Filter Design Based On Siw Technology Screens Transmit-IEEE C-Band Signals", Vol.58, Iss.2, pp. 414-418, February 2016.