CUDA-Based Particle Swarm Optimization in Reflectarray Antenna Synthesis

Main Article Content

A. Capozzoli
C. Curcio
A. Liseno

Abstract

We show how reflectarray antenna synthesis can take profit from parallel computing on Graphics Processing Units (GPUs). The presented approach uses an implementation of Particle Swarm Optimization in CUDA language and accelerates the computation of the field radiated by the reflectarray using a GPU- mplemented Non-Uniform FFT routine. Numerical results show how computing time can be kept convenient for the application at hand.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Capozzoli, A., Curcio, C., & Liseno, A. (2020). CUDA-Based Particle Swarm Optimization in Reflectarray Antenna Synthesis. Advanced Electromagnetics, 9(2), 66-74. https://doi.org/10.7716/aem.v9i2.1389
Section
Research Articles

References


  1. J. Huang, J.A. Encinar, Reflectarray Antennas, J.Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
    View Article

  2. J.A. Encinar, M. Arrebola, and G. Toso, A parabolic reflectarray for a bandwidth improved contoured beam coverages, Proc. of the Europ. Conf. on Antennas Prop., Edinburgh, UK, Nov. 11-16, 2007, pp. 1-5.
    View Article

  3. X. You, R.T. Ako, W.S.L. Lee, M.X. Low, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, C. Fumeaux, W. Withayachumnankul, Terahertz reflectarray with enhanced bandwidth, Adv. Opt. Mat., vol. 7, n. 20, pp. 1-8, Oct. 2019.
    View Article

  4. M.H. Dahri, M.H. Jamaluddin, M.I. Abbasi, M.R. Kamarudin, A review of wideband reflectarray antennas for 5G communication systems, IEEE Access, vol. 5, pp. 17803-17815, Aug. 2017.
    View Article

  5. X. Tan, Z. Sun, J.M. Jornet, D. Pados, Increasing indoor spectrum sharing capacity using smart reflect-array, Proc. of the IEEE Int. Conf. on Commun., Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, May 22-27, 2016, pp. 1-6.
    View Article

  6. A. Capozzoli, C. Curcio, G. D'Elia, A. Liseno, P. Vinetti, G. Toso, Aperiodic and non-planar array of electromagnetic scatterers, and reflectarray antenna comprising the same, World Patent Nr. WO/2011/033388.

  7. A. Capozzoli, C. Curcio, A. Liseno, G. Toso, Fast, Phase-only synthesis of flat aperiodic reflectarrays, Progr. Electromagn. Res. vol. 133, pp. 53-89, 2013.
    View Article

  8. A. Capozzoli, C. Curcio, A. Liseno, G. Toso, Fast, Phase-Only synthesis of aperiodic reflectarrays using NUFFTs and CUDA, Progr. Electromagn. Res. vol. 156, pp. 83-103, 2016.
    View Article

  9. A. Capozzoli, G. D'Elia, Global optimization and antennas synthesis and diagnosis, part one: concepts, tools, strategies and performances, Progr. Electromagn. Res. vol. 56, pp. 195--232, 2006.
    View Article

  10. D.H. Wolpert, W.G. Macready, No free lunch theorems for optimization, IEEE Trans. Evolutionary Comput., vol. 1, n. 1, pp. 67-82, Apr. 1997.
    View Article

  11. S.A. Vavasis, Nonlinear Optimization: Complexity Issues, Oxford Science Publication, New York, 1991.

  12. A. S. Nemirovsky, D.B. Yudin, Problem Convexity and Method Efficiency in Optimization, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1983.

  13. J. Kennedy, R. Eberhart, Particle swarm optimization, Proc. of the IEEE Int. Conf. on Neural Networks, Perth, WA, Nov. 27-Dec. 01, 1995, pp. 1942-1948.

  14. A. Capozzoli, C. Curcio, G. D'Elia, A. Liseno, P. Vinetti, Fast CPU/GPU pattern evaluation of irregular arrays, ACES J., vol. 25, n. 4, pp. 355-372, Apr. 2010.

  15. R.C.M. Pimenta, M.V. Africano, R. Adriano, Ú. C. Resende, 3D CUDA FDTD based method for analysis of microstrip antennas, Proc. of the SBMO/IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Optoelectr. Conf., Aguas de Lindoia, Brazil, Aug. 27-30, 2017, pp. 1-5.
    View Article

  16. K. Fourmont, Non-Equispaced Fast Fourier Transforms with applications to tomography, J. Fourier Anal. Appl., vol. 9, n. 5, pp. 431-450, 2003.
    View Article

  17. A. Capozzoli, C. Curcio, A. Liseno, Optimized nonuniform FFTs and their application to array factor computation, IEEE Trans. Antennas Prop., vol. 67, n. 6, pp. 3924-3938, Jun. 2019.
    View Article

  18. O.M. Bucci, G. D'Elia, G. Mazzarella, G. Panariello, Antenna pattern synthesis: A new general approach, Proc. of the IEEE, vol. 82, n. 3, 358- 371, Mar. 1994.
    View Article

  19. R.M. Tribug, E.S. Belinsky, Fourier Analysis and Approximation of Functions, Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht, NL, 2004.

  20. L. Mussi, F. Daolio, S. Cagnoni, Evaluation of particle swarm optimization algorithms within the CUDA architecture, Information Sciences 181: 4642-4657, 2011.
    View Article

  21. Y. Shi, R. Eberhart, A modified particle swarm optimizer, Proc. of the IEEE Int. Conf. on Evolutionary Comput., Anchorage, Ak, May 4-9, 1998, pp. 69-73.