Thermal changes in Human Abdomen Exposed to Microwaves: A Model Study

Main Article Content

J. Kaur
S. A. Khan, Dr.

Abstract

The electromagnetic energy associated with microwave radiation interacts with the biological tissues and consequently, may produce thermo-physiological effects in living beings. Traditionally, Pennes’ bioheat equation (BTE) is employed to analyze the heat transfer in biological medium. Being based on Fourier Law, Pennes’ BTE assumes infinite speed of propagation of heat transfer. However, heat propagates with finite speed within biological tissues, and thermal wave model of bioheat transfer (TWBHT) demonstrates this non-Fourier behavior of heat transfer in biological medium. In present study, we employed Pennes’ BTE and TWMBT to numerically analyze temperature variations in human abdomen model exposed to plane microwaves at 2450 MHz. The numerical scheme comprises coupling of solution of Maxwell's equation of wave propagation within tissue to Pennes’ BTE and TWMBT. Temperatures predicted by both the bioheat models are compared and effect of relaxation time on temperature variations is investigated. Additionally, electric field distribution and specific absorption rate (SAR) distribution is also studied.  Transient temperatures predicted by TWMBT are lower than that by traditional Pennes’ BTE, while temperatures are identical in steady state. The results provide comprehensive understanding of temperature changes in irradiated human body, if microwave exposure duration is short.

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How to Cite
Kaur, J., & Khan, S. (2019). Thermal changes in Human Abdomen Exposed to Microwaves: A Model Study. Advanced Electromagnetics, 8(3), 64-75. https://doi.org/10.7716/aem.v8i3.1092
Section
Research Articles
Author Biography

S. A. Khan, Dr., Shiv Shankar Institute of Engineering and Technology

Head, Associated prof.(Dr.),

Department of Electrical And Electronics Communication Engineering.

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