Triple Band Fractal Antenna for Radio Navigation and Fixed Satellite Services using Dragonfly Optimization

Main Article Content

A. Kumar
A. P. S. Pharwaha


This study reports the design of a coplanar waveguide (CPW)-fed triple band fractal antenna for radio navigation and fixed satellite services. Reported antenna has low profile, multiband and wideband performance which make it suitable for the radio navigation and fixed satellite services in S band, C band
and X band. Proposed antenna resonates at 2.6GHz, 4.4GHz, and 8.7 GHz having bandwidth of 0.2457GHz, 0.700GHz, and 4.1980 GHz respectively. Maximum
gain for the resonating bands is 3.6 dB, 5.5 dB, and 7.3 dB respectively. Simulated performance parameter of proposed antenna is verified experimentally by testing the fabricated antenna. Measured and simulated results are in good agreement


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kumar, A., & Pharwaha, A. P. S. (2019). Triple Band Fractal Antenna for Radio Navigation and Fixed Satellite Services using Dragonfly Optimization. Advanced Electromagnetics, 8(3), 43-49.
Research Articles


  1. C. Balanis, Antenna Theory - Analysis and Design. 1997.

  2. R. Garg, P. Bhartia, I. Bahl, and A. Ittipiboon, Microstrip antenna design handbook. 2001.

  3. B. B. Mandelbrot, "The fractal geometry of nature/Revised and enlarged edition/," New York, 1983.

  4. D. H. Werner and S. Ganguly, "An overview of fractal antenna engineering research," IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag., vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 38-57, 2003.
    View Article

  5. M. Tarbouch, A. E. L. Amri, H. Terchoune, and O. Barrou, "Trial of H-Tree Fractal Slots in The Ground Plane of A Micropstrip Patch Antenna," Int. J. Microw. Opt. Technol., vol. 13, no. 1, pp.51-60, 2018.

  6. S. Rani and A. P. Singh, "Modified Koch fractal antenna with asymmetrical ground plane for multi and UWB applications," Int. J. Appl. Electromagn. Mech., vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 259-267, 2013.
    View Article

  7. V. V Reddy, "Broadband Koch Fractal Boundary Printed Slot Antenna for ISM Band Applications," Adv. Electromagn., vol. 7, no. 5, 2018.
    View Article

  8. M. Ram, S. Das, and R. L. Yadava, "A Quad Band Sierpinski Trapezoidal Fractal Patch Antenna for Wireless Applications," J. Microwaves, Optoelectron. Electromagn. Appl., vol. 16, pp. 25-37, 2017.

  9. R. A. S. Hassan M. Elkamchouchi, "Triple Band Microstrip Patch Antenna with I Slot For Radar Altimeter Applications," IOSR J. Electron. Commun. Eng., vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 53-57, 2016.

  10. T. Phasithjirakul, T. Wannasirimongkol, A. Namsang, R. Lerdwanittip, and P. Chomthong, "Design of a dual-band Verre de Champagne Fractal CPW antenna for LTE and aircraft altimeter application," in ISAP 2016 - International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, 2017.

  11. Sachin Chauhan, J. K. Deegwal, and R. Gera, "A Design of Triangular Sierpinski Gasket Fractal Antenna," Int. J. Electron. Commun. Technol., vol.4, pp. 62-64, 2013.

  12. K. RamaDevi, A. M. Prasad, and A. Jhansi Rani, "Design of A Pentagon Microstrip Antenna for Radar Altimeter Application," Int. J. Web Semant. Technol., vol. 3, pp. 31-42, 2012.
    View Article

  13. D. E. L. Nabaoui, A. Tajmouati, J. Zbitou, A. Errkik, and A. Mediavilla, "A New Design of a Low Cost Multiband Fractal CPW-Fed Antenna,"Int. J. Microw. Opt. Technol., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1-7, 2018.

  14. P. A. Ambresh, P. M. Hadalgi, and P. V. Hunagund, "Planar microstrip slot antenna for S & C band wireless applications," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2013, vol. 435, no. 1.
    View Article

  15. M. Kaur, A. P. D. Singh, and G. S. Gill, "Design of T-Shaped Fractal Patch Antenna for Wireless Applications," Int. J. Res. Eng. Technol., vol. 4, no.9, pp. 401-405, 2015.
    View Article

  16. P. R. Prajapati, A. Patnaik, and M. V. Kartikeyan, "Design of single feed dual band dual polarized microstrip antenna with defected ground structure for aeronautical and radio navigation applications," in 2014 31th URSI General Assembly and Scientific Symposium, URSI GASS 2014, 2014.
    View Article

  17. E. G. Lim, Z. Wang, C. U. Lei, Y. Wang, and K. L. Man, "Ultra wideband antennas - past and present," IAENG Int. J. Comput. Sci., vol. 37, no. 3, 2010.

  18. J. Naghar, A. Naghar, O. Aghzout, A. V. Alejos, and F. Falcone, "A UWB frequency-band reconfigurable antenna for satellite applications," Int. J. Microw. Opt. Technol., vol. 13, no. 1, pp.18-25, 2018.

  19. M. Gupta and V. Mathur, "Wheel shaped modified fractal antenna realization for wireless communications," AEU - Int. J. Electron. Commun., vol. 79, pp. 257-266, 2017.
    View Article

  20. M. Gupta and V. Mathur, "Koch boundary on the square patch microstrip antenna for ultra wideband applications," Alexandria Engineering Journal, 2017.
    View Article

  21. K. K. Sawant and C. R. S. Kumar, "CPW fed hexagonal micro strip fractal antenna for UWB wireless communications," AEU - Int. J. Electron. Commun., vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 31-38, 2014.
    View Article

  22. S. R. Best, "On the performance properties of the Koch fractal and other bent wire monopoles," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 1292-1300, 2003.
    View Article

  23. C. P. Baliarda, J. Romeu, and A. Cardama, "The Koch monopole: A small fractal antenna," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 48, no. 11, pp.1773-1781, 2000.
    View Article

  24. J. P. Gianvittorio and Y. Rahmat-Samii, "Fractal antennas: A novel antenna miniaturization technique, and applications," IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag., 2002.
    View Article

  25. K. J. Vinoy, K. A. Jose, V. K. Varadan, and V. V. Varadan, "Hilbert curve fractal antenna: A small resonant antenna for VHF/UHF applications,"Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 29, no. 4, pp.215-219, 2001.
    View Article

  26. A. Kumar and A. Partap, "On the Design of 2×2 Element Fractal Antenna Array using Dragonfly Optimization," Int. J. Comput. Appl., vol. 179, no.33, pp. 27-34, Apr. 2018.
    View Article

  27. S. Mirjalili, "Dragonfly algorithm: a new metaheuristic optimization technique for solving singleobjective, discrete, and multi-objective problems,"Neural Comput. Appl., vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 1053-1073, 2016.
    View Article

  28. S. Singhal and A. K. Singh, "CPW-fed octagonal super-wideband fractal antenna with defected ground structure," IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag., 2017.
    View Article