HYDROFLASH: A 2-D Nuclear EMP Code Founded on Finite Volume Techniques
The basic mechanisms that govern the generation of an electromagnetic pulse (EMP) following a nuclear detonation in the atmosphere, including heights of burst (HOB) relevant to surface bursts (0 km), near surface bursts (0-2 km), air bursts (2-20 km) and high-altitude bursts (> 20 km), are reviewed. Previous computational codes developed to treat the source region and predict the EMP are discussed. A new 2-D hydrodynamic code (HYDROFLASH) that solves the fluid equations for electron and ion transport in the atmosphere and the coupled Maxwell equations using algorithms extracted from the Conservation Law (CLAW) package for solving multi-dimensional hyperbolic equations with finite volume techniques has been formulated. Simulations include the ground, atmospheric gradient, and an azimuthal applied magnetic field as a first approximation to the geomagnetic field. HYDROFLASH takes advantage of multiprocessor systems by using domain decomposition together with the Message Passing Interface (MPI) protocol for parallel processing. A detailed description of the model is presented along with computational results for a generic 10 kiloton (kT) burst detonated at 0 and 10 km altitude.
Electromagnetic radiation effectds; Nuclear explosions; Synchrotron radiation, Maxwell equations; Finite volume methods
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