Main Article Content
Different electrically-thin absorbing designs based on High-Impedance Surfaces (HIS) are presented and classified on the basis of the nature of loss. HIS structures allow achieving absorption by exploiting either dielectric or ohmic (resistive) losses. The former ultra-narrowband absorption phenomenon can be obtained by employing dielectric losses of commercial substrates. The resonant structure, often referred to as Perfect Metamaterial Absorber, usually comprises a metallic frequency selective surfaces located above a ultra-thin grounded dielectric substrate. The metamaterial absorber is also angularly stable because of its reduced thickness. Alternatively, if a loss component is introduced in the frequency selective surface located in front of the grounded dielectric substrate both narrowband and wideband absorbing structures can be designed.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Munk, B. A., Frequency Selective Surfaces – Theory and Design, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2000.
Costa F., A. Monorchio, "A Frequency Selective Radome with Wideband Absorbing Properties" IEEE Transaction on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 60, no. 6, pp. 2740-2747, 2012.
Costa F., S. Genovesi, and A. Monorchio, "A Frequency Selective Absorbing Ground Plane for Low-RCS Microstrip Antenna Arrays", Progress In Electromagnetics Research, vol. 126, 317-332, 2012.
Costa, F., A. Monorchio, G. Manara, "Analysis and Design of Ultra Thin Electromagnetic Absorbers Comprising Resistively Loaded High Impedance Surfaces", IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 1551-1558, 2010.
Kazemzadeh, A., A. Karlsson, "Multilayered Wideband Absorbers for Oblique Angle of Incidence," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.58, no.11, pp.3637-3646, Nov. 2010.
Costa, F., A. Monorchio, "A Frequency Selective Radome with Wideband Absorbing Properties" IEEE Transaction on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 60, no. 6, pp. 2740-2747, 2012.
Hong-Kyu J., J. H. Shin, C. G. Kim, "Low RCS patch array antenna with electromagnetic bandgap using a conducting polymer," International Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications (ICEAA), pp.140-143, 20-24 Sept. 2010.
Yagitani, S., K. Katsuda, M. Nojima, Y. Yoshimura, and H. Sugiura, "Imaging Radio-Frequency Power Distributions by an EBG Absorber," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. E94-B no.8 pp.2306-2315.
Maier, T. and H. Bruckl, "Wavelength-Tunable Microbolometers with Metamaterial Absorbers," Optics Letters 34 (19), p.3012 (2009).
Kuznetsov, S. A., A. G. Paulish, A. V. Gelfand, P. A. Lazorskiy, V. N. Fedorinin, "Bolometric THz-to-IR converter for terahertz imaging", Appl. Phys. Lett. Vol. 99, 023501, 2011.
Chen, H.-T., W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, "A metamaterial solid state terahertz phase modulator," Nature Photonics, vol. 3, 148–151, 2009.
Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, "Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters," Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), p. 045901, 2011.
Greffet, J. , Controlled Incandescence, Nature 478 (2011) 191.
Landy, N. I., S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, "Perfect metamaterial absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 100, 207402-1-207402-4, 2008.
Del Prete, P., "Reducing Cavity Resonance in Wireless Applications", on RF Globalnet, May 2007.
Tsuda, Y., T. Yasuzumi, O. Hashimoto, "A Thin Wave Absorber Using Closely Placed Divided Conductive Film and Resistive Film," Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE, vol.10, no., pp.892-895, 2011.
Munk B., P. Munk, J. Prior, "On Designing Jaumann and Circuit Analog Absorbers (CA Absorbers) for Oblique Angle of Incidence," IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 55, no. 1, 2007.
Li Y. H. Zhang, Y. Fu, and N. Yuan, "RCS reduction of ridged waveguide slot antenna array using EBG radar absorbing material", IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., vol. 7, pp.473-476, 2008.
L. K. Sun, H. F. Cheng, Y. J. Zhou, and J. Wang, "Broadband metamaterial absorber based on coupling resistive frequency selective surface," Opt. Express, vol. 20, pp. 4675-4680, 2012.
Sievenpiper, D., L. Zhang, R. F. J. Broas, N. G. Alexopolous, and E. Yablonovitch, "High-impedance electromagnetic surfaces with a forbidden frequency band", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 2059–2074, 1999.
Costa, F., S. Genovesi, A. Monorchio, "On the Bandwidth of High-Impedance Frequency Selective Surfaces," IEEE Antennas Wireless & Propag. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 1341-1344, 2009.
Costa, F., A. Monorchio, "Closed-form Analysis of Reflection Losses of Microstrip Reflectarray Antennas" IEEE Transaction on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 60, no. 10, pp. 4650-4660, October, 2012.
Costa, F., S. Genovesi, A. Monorchio, G. Manara "A Circuit-based Model for the Interpretation of Perfect Metamaterial Absorbers " IEEE Transaction on Antennas and Propagation, under review.
Raynolds, E., B. A. Munk, J. B. Pryor and R. J. Marhefka, "Ohmic loss in frequency-selective surfaces", Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 93, no. 9, pp. 5346-5358, 2003.
Costa, F., A. Monorchio, G. Manara "Efficient Analysis of Frequency Selective Surfaces by a Simple Equivalent Circuit Model" IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 35-48, 2012.
Tretyakov S. A. and C. R. Simovski, "Dynamic model of artificial reactive impedance surfaces," J. of Electromagn. Waves and Appl., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 131–145, 2003.
Kazemzadeh, A. "Nonmagnetic Ultrawideband Absorber With Optimal Thickness," IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation, vol.59, no.1, pp.135-140, Jan. 2011.
Rozanov, K. N., "Ultimate Thickness to Bandwidth Ratio of Radar Absorbers," IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 1230-1234, 2000.
Luukkonen O., F. Costa, C. R. Simovski, A. Monorchio, S. A. Tretyakov, "A Thin Electromagnetic Absorber for Wide Incidence Angles and Both Polarizations," IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 57, no. 10, 2009.